A Muslim caliphate controls their people with religion and racial hatred. Their lives are filled with religious symbols but they struggle all their lives working in giant factories. They are bombarded with religious indoctrination from the state but have zero chance of social or economic improvement.
In a Muslim caliphate upward mobility is cut off by excessive taxation and government regulation. Free elections are held every four years but their leaders are just figure heads for powerful religious leaders. they are the ones that hold real power over how the government is run